Tag Archives: Ethics

Dr. Anthony Fauci discusses the HIV rebound in the Mississippi baby and importance of HIV research ethics

Photo via dem10/iStockphoto.com

Photo via dem10/iStockphoto.com

The Friday, July 11th episode of the PBS News Hour featured a presentation on the young child from Mississippi who had been treated with early and unusually aggressive drug treatment after birth and then was seemingly virus-free for two years.

However, official just announced that the girl, now almost 4 years old, tested positive for HIV during a follow-up appointment last week. When asked about the trial that was to begin, Dr. Anthony Fauci of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases emphasized the need to be ethical in the design of the study.

Please visit the PBS News Hour website for a video and full transcript of the program.

‘Generosity is penicillin to our culture of entitlement’: Cardinal Dolan on ethics, social justice and issues facing millennials

Cardinal Dolan (center) with Michael Menconi FCRH '14 (left) and Ken Ochs FCRH '14 (right)

Timothy Cardinal Dolan, Archbishop of New York (center) with Michael Menconi FCRH ’15 (left) and Ken Ochs FCRH ’15 (right)

On Thursday, June 5, 2014, Fordham University’s Center for Ethics Education Ethics and Society blog student editors Michael Menconi FCRH ’15 and Ken Ochs FCRH ’15 interviewed Timothy Cardinal Dolan, the Archbishop of New York. The 90-minute interview spanned a range of topics including political party participation, research on human and animal subjects, and how Catholic educational institutions should treat students who become pregnant, among others. He also provided background on many of the Catholic Church’s teachings and moral positions.

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Cardinal Dolan on the Ethical Questions of Our Time & Generation (Full Text of the Interview)

Cardinal Dolan (center) with Michael Menconi FCRH '14 (left) and Ken Ochs FCRH '14 (right)

Timothy Cardinal Dolan, Archbishop of New York (center) with Michael Menconi FCRH ’15 (left) and Ken Ochs FCRH ’15 (right)

 

On Thursday, June 5, 2014, Fordham University’s Center for Ethics Education Ethics and Society student editors Michael Menconi (FCRH ’15) and Ken Ochs (FCRH ’15) interviewed Timothy Cardinal Dolan, the Archbishop of New York. Cardinal Dolan is former President of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, a member of the Board of Trustees at the Catholic University of America, past chairman of Catholic Relief Services, and he also serves on the Pontifical Council for Promoting New Evangelization and Pontifical Council for Social Communications in Rome. His Eminence and the editors were joined by Father Thomas Berg, a moral theologian and advisor to Cardinal Dolan, at St. Joseph’s Seminary of the Archdiocese of New York for the interview.

Ochs: Thank you once again for having us. We would like to get started with our first question. You have had a great deal of interaction and dialogue with young people, and college students, particularly Fordham students. You’ve been to our university many times since you’ve been installed as Archbishop of New York. What values—ethical values, religious values, societal values perhaps—do you believe are most important for those in our generation to hold and put into practice?

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The Value of Liberal Arts Education: Fordham Students Share Their Perspectives

 

Dean XXX and Fordham students in attendance at the April 28th conference

FCRH Deans Lenis and Parmach and Fordham students in attendance at the April 28th conference. Photo by Bruce Gilbert.

 

At a recent interdisciplinary conference hosted by the Fordham University Center for Ethics Education, a distinguished panel comprised of university presidents, academics, and the Under Secretary of Education discussed the value of liberal arts education. Each speaker made compelling arguments highlighting the importance and value of liberal arts education, including information about cost, salary, lifetime learning, the residential college campus experience, and even the history of the debate on the worth of liberal arts education.

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Center for Ethics Education Students Attend Award Ceremony at NY Society for Ethical Culture

Center for Ethics Education Students, and Assistant Director Dr. Adam Fried

Center for Ethics Education Students, and Assistant Director Dr. Adam Fried

On Thursday, April 3rd, five ethics students joined Assistant Director of the Center for Ethics Education Dr. Adam Fried in attending the Champions of Change award presentation at the New York Society for Ethical Culture. Speakers included a wide range of public officials and humanitarians: First Lady of New York Chirlane McCray, Congressman Charles Rangel, singer and activist Harry Belafonte, and New York Yankees President Randy Levine.

At the event, former mayor of New York David N. Dinkins was presented with the Dr. Phyllis Harrison-Ross Public Service Award and New York State Diversity Officer Mecca Santana was conferred the Rising Star Award. Throughout the event, musical entertainment and participants’ recollections of humorous moments with the mayor kept the entire audience captivated during the insightful evening, featuring some of New York’s most notable philanthropists and advocates of social justice.

Promotion for ethics group in the American Public Health Association

logo-apha

The Ethics Special Primary Interest Group (SPIG) of the American Public Health Association (APHA) is slated to become to an official section of the organization in July. While this may appear to be merely a structural change within an organization, the promotion of the ethics group of APHA has wider implications for the discipline.

“The transition from a SPIG to a formal Section will position public health ethics as a full participant at the multidisciplinary table,” explained Lisa Lee, Ph.D., M.S., chair of the Ethics SPIG and Executive Director of the President Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues.  “Our primary aim is to integrate ethical decision making into the fabric of public health practice so ethics is viewed as and becomes a facilitator of great work rather than an obstacle.”

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HIV Prevention Research Ethics Training Institute Now Accepting Applications for 2014

2013 HIV Prevention Research Ethics Training Institute Faculty, Fellows and Staff

2013 HIV Prevention Research Ethics Training Institute Faculty, Fellows and Staff

Now in its fourth year, the Fordham University HIV Prevention Research Ethics Training Institute (RETI) is now accepting applications for the 2014 Summer Institute and Mentored Research Program.

This NIDA-funded program, directed by Center for Ethics Education Director Dr. Celia B. Fisher, provides early career investigators in the social, behavioral, medical and public health fields with an opportunity to gain research ethics training.

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Introducing the Research Ethics Scales and Measures Website

How do you measure research on research ethics?

The Fordham University Center for Ethics Education in partnership with the HIV Prevention Research Ethics Training Institute has recently introduced Research Ethics Scales and Measures, a continuously-updated evidence-based research ethics resources website for investigators who wish to use scales and measures to study all aspects of research ethics.

The website contains an extensive bibliography on quantitative approaches to research on research ethics which is divided into the following categories: Consent Assessment & Enhancement, Institutional Review Boards, Investigator and Institutional Perspectives, and Participant Perspectives.

In addition to the website, the scales and measures are also available on this blog.

We welcome submissions of scales and measures on research on research ethics. Please contact Elizabeth Yuko (eyuko@fordham.edu) with submissions or for more details.

Our Inherited Diet: Reconsidering the Reason We Eat Meat

Meat

This is the first in a series of posts by students in Fordham University’s Master of Arts in Ethics and Society program.

By: Christopher Kovel

I recently had the opportunity to attend a debate on moral perspectives between famed philosopher Peter Singer, and theologian (and Fordham’s own) Charles Camosy at the idyllic campus of Princeton University. Singer, who is a secular utilitarian, balances his ethical stances on a pain vs. pleasure scale. Reducible to the method of pleasure maximization, Singer uses this calculus to identify rectitude. Camosy, in turn, is a Catholic ethicist, who begins at God and His fundamental goodness. Amid the clash of these disparate mindsets, the two professors tended to find commonality about the gross mistreatment of animals. They both, I learned, abstain from the consumption of animal products because they find the choice morally bankrupt. As I was leaving Princeton, I remembered a recent dinner out with the family:

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Dr. Celia B. Fisher Featured on Al Jazeera Documentary Discussing Psychological Effects & Ethics of NSA Surveillance

Dr. Celia B. Fisher, psychologist and ethics expert appeared on the Al Jazeera America program Fault Lines. Photo by Bud Glick.

Dr. Celia B. Fisher, psychologist and ethics expert appeared on the Al Jazeera America program Fault Lines. Photo by Bud Glick.

What are the psychological effects of surveillance? Center for Ethics Education Director Dr. Celia B. Fisher discussed this, as well as the ethical implications of surveillance on Fault Lines, a program on Al Jazeera America.

Collect it All: America’s Surveillance State aired on Friday and Saturday nights, and will be shown internationally on Al Jazeera English on Wednesday, November 6th at 6:30 p.m. E.S.T.

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The Scientist-Citizen Dilemma and Moral Stress

Many of the ethical challenges faced by researchers conducting community-based studies with persons addicted to street drugs can be understood in terms of the “scientist-citizen dilemma.” This dilemma arises when researcher’s ethical obligation to produce scientifically valid knowledge conflicts with their sense of moral responsibility to help participants living in poverty with little access to treatment.

Frontline research staff engaged in the practical process of moral agency who encounter such dilemmas on a daily basis often experience moral stress when they cannot actualize these dual values via their work. Such stress may lead them to take actions that while assisting research participants in need jeopardize the validity of the study conducted.  In a recent article, Dr. Celia B. Fisher and her colleagues examined the consequences of moral stress among drug use community researchers and the organizational climates that can reduce or exacerbate these moral conflicts.

To read the full article, please see:

Fisher, C. B., True, G., Alexander, L., & Fried, A. L. (2013). Moral stress, moral practice, and ethical climate in community-based drug-use research: Views from the front line. AJOB Primary Research4(3), 27-38.

Creating LGBTQ Inclusive Curriculum and Classroom Climate

On October 2, 2013, the Fordham University Center for Ethics Education hosted a discussion with faculty and teaching fellows across a broad array of disciplines on creating LGBTQ inclusive curricula and welcoming classroom experiences.

The discussion included brief presentations by Fordham faculty from different departments and honest discussion illuminating opportunities for and challenges of creating LGBTQ curricula and welcoming classroom climate.

list of recommendations and teaching resources emerged from this very fruitful interdisciplinary dialogue. Some of the recommendations include challenging heterosexist assumptions, developing inclusive (rather than “us versus them”) terminology, and increasing visibility of LGBTQ role models and allies.

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Project THANKS: Turning HIV/AIDS into New Knowledge for Sisters

By: Elizabeth Yuko, Ph.D.

Many people with HIV/AIDS are living with not just one, but two or more chronic diseases. While cures to the diseases may not yet exist, there are ways to help people manage and improve their health and well-being.

Project THANKS is helping people – particularly, women of color – do just that.

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Webinar: Advancing Bioethics Education

The Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues will hold a webinar on Advancing Bioethics Education on September 19, 2013 from 1-2 p.m. E.S.T.

The webinar will serve as an introduction to the Commission’s new education materials, developed to support the teaching of bioethics ideas, principles, and theories at the undergraduate, graduate and professional levels. The webinar will review the materials and discuss their potential application in existing curricula for both traditional and nontraditional educational settings.

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Using Your Moral Compass to Navigate the College Experience

On August 26, 2013, Dr. Adam Fried, Assistant Director of the Center for Ethics Education, gave the following address at the Academic Convocation for the Fordham College at Rose Hill Class of 2017. Dr. Fried was asked to speak on behalf of all members of faculty, and to welcome the new class to the Fordham University academic community. In case you were unable to attend, here is a transcript of the address:

Using Your Moral Compass to Navigate the College Experience

By: Adam Fried, Ph.D., Assistant Director, Center for Ethics Education

Thank you, Dean Parmach.  Welcome students!  I’m so honored and excited to have an opportunity to speak with you today.

First, let me tell you a little about what I do.  I’m the assistant director of the Fordham Center for Ethics Education.  We organize conferences and lectures, conduct research, administer an undergraduate essay prize in ethics, and offer a Master’s in Ethics and Society and an undergraduate interdisciplinary minor in bioethics. Our programs provide the Fordham community and the public with the knowledge and skills to shape a just society. At Fordham, I teach and my work centers on ethics.  But I am also a clinical psychologist and I have worked with veterans, college students and at-risk children and adolescents.  Although these two areas, ethics and psychology, may seem quite different, there is in fact a great deal of overlap.

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Fordham University Research Ethics Training Institute Faculty Member Discusses the Ethics of HIV Cure Research

Recently, Dr. Jeremy Sugarman, Fordham University HIV Prevention Research Ethics Training Institute faculty member, discussed the ethics of HIV cure research in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

In an article published on August 13, 2013, Dr. Sugarman, Professor of Bioethics at the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics, contends that as HIV cure research progresses, ethical implications must be taken into consideration in order to protect the rights, interests, and welfare of all research participants involved.

Please click here for the full article.

Advance Directives for Research Involving Adults with Advancing Dementia

By Celia B. Fisher, Ph.D.

As advance directives for health care have become increasingly accepted in society, some have suggested that similar directives by those with advancing cognitive impairment can enhance substitute decision-making for research participation once an individual’s mental capacity has been compromised.

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Shifting Sands: Absolutism to Relativism in Irish Medical Ethics

By Adam McAuley, Ph.D.

On Thursday, June 13th, the Irish government published its Abortion Bill to regulate the extremely limited circumstances under which an abortion is lawful in Ireland. The Bill’s conscientious objection provision reflects the limited development of ethical thought, debate and education in Ireland.

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Louisiana Incarcerated: How We Built the World’s Prison Capital

Louisiana is the world’s prison capital.

As Cindy Chang pointed out during our Jailing for Dollars conference, and wrote in The Times-Picayune: “The state imprisons more of its people, per head, than any of its U.S. counterparts. First among Americans means first in the world. Louisiana’s incarceration rate is nearly five times Iran’s, 13 times China’s and 20 times Germany’s.”

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Ethics & Society Newsfeed: June 12th 2013

Is everyone out to steal my umbrella?
Is it ethical to take someone’s umbrella from the umbrella basket at the front of a restaurant if your similar-looking umbrella was taken by someone else? Also, is it ethical to wear non-prescription eyeglasses to appear more intelligent?

Behind Cry for Help from China Labor Camp
An Oregon woman buys Halloween decorations, and finds a letter from a Chinese labor camp prisoner inside. Who actually wrote the letter and what could and should be done?

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