By Celia B. Fisher, Ph.D.
In a recent article in the American Journal of Bioethics Kayhan Parsi of the Loyola University of Chicago Stritch School of Medicine exhorted bioethicists to address racism in their work. What the article did not address is why in 2016 it has taken bioethics so long to recognize a problem existing for more than 50 years since the field’s nascence.
Posted in Bioethics, Contemporary Ethical Issues, Evidence-Based Ethics
Tagged #BioethicsSoWhite, American Journal of Bioethics, Bioethics, Celia B. Fisher, Kayhan Parsi, Loyola University of Chicago, moral courage, Racism, Rawls
Pharmaceutical companies have once again used industry influence to conceal data and make false claims about a high-profile medication.
Today The New York Times reported that Johnson & Johnson and Bayer – the companies behind the anti-clotting drug Xarelto – are responsible for critical laboratory data being left out of a letter published in The New England Journal of Medicine discussing the safety of the medication. Lawyers representing patients suing the two major pharmaceutical companies claim that both corporations were complicit by remaining silent about the data concealed from the publication.
Posted in Bioethics, In the News
Tagged bio-pharmaceuticals, Celia B. Fisher, Center for Ethics Education, Clinical Trials, data, Fordham University, medication, New England Journal of Medicine, New York Times, Pharmaceutical, public trust, Science, Vioxx, Xarelto
The first uterus transplant in the United States took place yesterday at the Cleveland Clinic. The patient is currently in “stable condition,” and more details about the procedure will be released next week at a press conference.
Fordham University Center for Ethics Education Bioethicist Dr. Elizabeth Yuko discussed the ethical implications of uterus transplants in a Fordham News story predicting significant news stories of 2016, as well as in two posts on Ethics & Society in January 2014 and August 2015.
The uterus transplant that took place yesterday in Cleveland differs from those that occurred in Sweden in 2014, because the recipient received the uterus from a deceased donor. The wombs transplanted in the Swedish trial all came from living donors, which raises additional ethical questions regarding living donors undergoing serious surgery for a non-life-saving transplant.
Please read Dr. Yuko’s previous discussions of this topic for further details.
By Elizabeth Yuko, Ph.D.
Last week, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) issued a recommendation that women of childbearing age should abstain from alcohol consumption unless they are on some form of contraception.
This is ethically problematic for several reasons, the first being the blatant and outright paternalism and mistrust of women.
The CDC Vital Signs report estimates that “3.3 million women between the ages of 15 and 44 are at risk of exposing their developing baby to alcohol because they are drinking, sexually active, and not using birth control to prevent pregnancy.” While the CDC’s intentions are good – attempting to curb incidents of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders – advocating a policy that does not respect women’s autonomy when it comes to making decisions regarding consumption of alcohol and use of contraception is troubling.
Posted in Bioethics, Contemporary Ethical Issues, In the News
Tagged alcohol, Autonomy, CDC, Centers for Disease Control, contraception, Elizabeth Yuko, fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, Fetus, Ms. Magazine, paternalism, Pregnancy, The Establishment, Vital Signs
Photo via freedigitalphotos.net.
By: Michael S. Dauber
“In order to study blood-spatter patterns, a group of researchers in New Zealand strapped pigs to a surgical table and shot them in the head. Some of these animals were alive. Nasty, for sure, but apparently humane. The study has been justified by the government-funded Institute of Environmental Science and Research (ESR), one of the collaborators, because if translatable to humans, the findings might have use in solving crimes involving gunshot wounds.”
Research ethics has been a hot subject in recent years, especially when it relates to experiments involving harm towards animals. Many object to the practice entirely, citing the fact that they believe killing is always wrong, the notion that our treatment of non-human animal subjects is speciesist (meaning discrimination based on species), and that it is wrong to use animals for experiments that have no way to consent to research participation.
Posted in Bioethics, Fordham University Student Voices
Tagged Animal research, criminology, Fordham University, Just War Theory, New Zealand, Permissible research, pigs, Research Ethics, Student Voices, Thomas Aquinas