By: Kayla Giampaolo
On July 16, 1945 at 5:29 a.m., a 30,000 foot mass of smoke rose in New Mexico’s desert: the first atomic bomb had just been successfully tested. At the time, most people were unaware that the course of warfare and ultimately the world was about to change irrevocably. Since that eerie summer morning, nine nations have developed the intelligence to create and possess nuclear weapons (Granoff, 2000, p. 1414). The United States is one of these nuclear superpowers, making the ethical issues associated with these weapons critical and relevant.
Is using a nuclear weapon morally permissible under some circumstances? Is it ethical to implement nuclear deterrence (threatening to use atomic weapons) as a self-defense strategy?
Posted in Fordham University Student Voices
Tagged atomic weapons, bilateral, bomb, Carnegie Council, deontology, deterrence, disarmament, Expected Utility Principle, international relations, John Stuart Mills, Kayla Giampaolo, M.A. in Ethics and Society, New Mexico, nuclear war, retaliation, Student Voices, uncertainty, United States, utilitarianism, utility
Many of the ethical challenges faced by researchers conducting community-based studies with persons addicted to street drugs can be understood in terms of the “scientist-citizen dilemma.” This dilemma arises when researcher’s ethical obligation to produce scientifically valid knowledge conflicts with their sense of moral responsibility to help participants living in poverty with little access to treatment.
Frontline research staff engaged in the practical process of moral agency who encounter such dilemmas on a daily basis often experience moral stress when they cannot actualize these dual values via their work. Such stress may lead them to take actions that while assisting research participants in need jeopardize the validity of the study conducted. In a recent article, Dr. Celia B. Fisher and her colleagues examined the consequences of moral stress among drug use community researchers and the organizational climates that can reduce or exacerbate these moral conflicts.
To read the full article, please see:
Fisher, C. B., True, G., Alexander, L., & Fried, A. L. (2013). Moral stress, moral practice, and ethical climate in community-based drug-use research: Views from the front line. AJOB Primary Research, 4(3), 27-38.
Posted in Bioethics, Contemporary Ethical Issues, Evidence-Based Ethics
Tagged Adam L. Fried, Celia B. Fisher, Ethics, Frontline, Mental Health Researchers, Moral Agency, Moral responsibility, Moral Stress, Morality, Research, Researchers, Scientist-Citizen Dilemma, United States
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has today issued a notice to the extramural grantee community regarding the lapse of federal government funding.
Depending on the length of the funding lapse, once NIH non-excepted staff are authorized to resume operations, it will take time for full operations to be resumed. In other words: prepare to wait.
Posted in In the News
Tagged Animal welfare, Electronic Research Administration, Funding lapse, Government, Government shutdown, Grant Applications, Grants, National Institutes of Health, NIH, Sally Rockey, United States
By Jeremy V. Cruz
The Dream 9, photo w/ permission by Steve Pavey, Ph.D., One Horizon Foundation
As a scholar-practitioner, I offer this brief reflection with two aims. First, I invite your participation in the work of survival and liberation currently germinating from within the walls of the Eloy Detention Center in Arizona. Second, I encourage deeper scholarly reflection on how one migrant detainee’s theological reflection relates to the postcolonial/anti-imperial analysis of a Chicano biblical scholar—Dr. David Sánchez.
Posted in In the News
Tagged Arizona, Aura Bogado, David Sánchez, Dream 9, Eloy Detention Center, Exile, Free Speech Radio News, Immigration, J. V. Cruz, John of Patmos, Mexico, Mike Honda, Solitary Confinement, United States
From left, Cindy Chang, John Pfaff, Michael Jacobson, Thomas Giovanni, and Judith Greene.
Photo by Bruce Gilbert
Over the past 30 years, the United States has become the world’s leader in incarceration with 2.2 million people currently in the nation’s prisons or jails.
On April 23, a panel of experts discussed the ethical issues surrounding the privatization of American prisons at a conference entitled “Jailing for Dollars: The Moral Costs of Privatizing Justice” sponsored by the Center for Ethics Education.